Our technology, which transforms liabilities into assets, makes remediation profitable for the waste owner, dramatically changing the decision-making process.

Controlled storage is currently the most common means of disposal. Remediation is another option, but this is driven mainly by legislation, or economic incentives that can be temporary in nature, thus creating uncertainties. These uncertainties- and the negative economic returns that tend to come from legislation-driven remediation - have created substantial resistance towards the adoption of “clean” or remediation technologies.

Our technology, which transforms liabilities into assets, makes remediation profitable for the waste owner, dramatically changing the decision-making process.

Depending on the type of waste material used, Orbite anticipates producing alumina, rare earths and rare metals, as well as other valuable materials. We will initially focus on using red mud and fly ash as feedstock.

Red mud is the waste product from traditional alumina production using the Bayer process. This process is essentially unchanged since it was introduced in the 1880s. Red mud is a highly caustic substance containing considerable amounts of alumina, as well as other high value elements, such as titanium, rare earths and rare metals. The potential in this area for Orbite is substantial. Approximately three billion tonnes of red mud are stored in ponds around the world with no viable alternative to reuse this substance. Annually, continued use of the Bayer process results in an additional 120 million tonnes produced.


Fly ash is the combustion waste from coal-fired power plants that, similar to red mud, contains substantial quantities of valuable materials. Fly ash is also produced in huge quantities—on a worldwide basis some 500-600 million tonnes annually—with less than half being reused, primarily in low-end applications such as road building or as fillers.


Other opportunities exist, such as the monetization of mine tailings. For instance, chrysotile mining and processing has yielded large amounts of serpentine tailing, several hundreds of millions of tonnes of which are in Québec, Canada, containing magnesium and other valuable materials. This waste can also be used as feedstock for the Orbite Process.


Why Waste Monetization?

Pursuing waste monetization has a number of strategic advantages:

  • Significant quantities of raw materials are abundant and readily available
  • There is substantial value in the feedstock because of the presence of alumina, titanium, rare earths, rare metals and other valuable elements depending on the feedstock used
  • Mining operations do not need to be developed to extract the feedstock
  • The waste/feedstock is generally found in or near existing industrial zones, with easily accessible to transportation infrastructure, power and other utilities

Waste monetization strategy

In order to pursue the huge potential of waste monetization, we intend to collaborate with global partners. We are currently in discussions with various partners, and are working towards formalizing our collaboration to ensure industrial deployment as soon as practicable.

This deployment will be sequenced in phases:


Once the High Purity Alumina (HPA) facility has been converted to our chloride process the extraction section will be used as an industrial-scale demonstration plant for processing red mud, fly ash and other wastes.


Subsequently the Company intends building a commercial prototype with a partner, utilizing some 100,000-200,000 tonnes of red mud/fly ash per annum. This will enhance our knowledge required to build the first full-scale commercial plant, which will consume 500,000 – 1,000,000 tonnes of feedstock per annum.


Once the process has been fully scaled up, Orbite intends to license its technology to partners/owners/operators of waste stockpiles around the globe, reducing its financing requirements and de-risking expansion.



Orbite’s game-changing technology takes this waste, extracts all value from it, returning only a small fraction of inert residue



Our strategy is focused on achieving commercial production as rapidly as possible for our three business lines.